How to Clean Your Teeth and Gums to Prevent Gum Disease

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It’s important to properly clean your smile carefully each day to avoid gum disease. Gum disease is a condition that arises because of the accumulation of bacteria in plaque. Left unchecked, gum disease can cause loss of gum tissue, bone and teeth. The first thing you can do to prevent gum disease is practice excellent oral hygiene. This begins at home, with daily brushing and flossing. To help you clean your smile properly, our The Office of Dr. Henry Espinosa team would like to share the following:


Step 1: Make sure you have the best tools to clean your smile, like a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. The soft bristles will thoroughly scrub your smile, even though it might not sound like it, and properly care for your gums.

Step 2: Put the toothpaste on the brush and hold the brush at a 45-degree angle to the gumline. Use just enough pressure to feel the bristles against the gums and between your teeth. However, make sure you refrain from squishing the bristles.

Step 3: Now, use a gentle circular motion to scrub the inner, outer, and top surfaces of each tooth. Make sure you scrub every tooth in your smile and you do so for two minutes twice each day.

Step 4: After you’re done scrubbing your chompers, brush your tongue to remove the bacteria and provide a clean, fresh breath.


Step 1: You can start your flossing routine by grabbing about 18 inches of floss. Then, wrap most of the floss around one of your middle fingers. Next, wrap the rest of the floss around the same finger on the other hand. Make sure you have about one inch of floss between each index finger. Try not to allow any slack.

Step 2: Take that inch of floss and clean between two of your teeth. To place the floss in the crevice, use a gentle sawing motion. Then, use the floss to scrape the sides of each tooth, removing the plaque and food particles that reside there.

Step 3: Once you get to the gumline, curve the floss along the tooth into a “C” shape. Then, slide the floss between the gumline and the base of the tooth. Thoroughly clean the area to prevent gum disease.

Step 4: After you’ve cleaned the gumline, remove the floss from the crevice and move onto the next space in your smile. Repeat this same process between each tooth—just make sure to use a clean section of floss as you move from tooth to tooth.

Practicing excellent oral hygiene will go a long way to preventing the ravages of gum disease. We offer periodontal maintenance, including scaling and root planing for our patients in Albuquerque, New Mexico who need treatment for gum disease. Please call 505-888-1116 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Henry Espinosa if you have the signs of gum disease. We look forward to helping you restore your healthy, confident smile!