The Two Stages of Gum Disease

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Gum disease is a dental issue with increasingly grave consequences. It has two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. Here’s a brief outline of the symptoms and treatment of each stage:

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis develops when you fail to eliminate the plaque from your teeth on a consistent basis. The plaque irritates your gums, making them red and swollen and even making them bleed easily. Other than that, there is little to no discomfort at this stage. Fortunately, a professional dental cleaning and improved oral hygiene can treat and even reverse gingivitis.

Stage 2: Periodontitis

Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis goes untreated. The plaque on your teeth turn into tartar, also referred to as calculus, which spreads below the gumline. The toxins in the tartar create a chronic inflammatory response and the destruction of the basic bone and tissues of the jaw. Gums also move away from the teeth and create pockets that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets excavate and more gum tissue and bones are destroyed. The best way to treat this stage of the disease are to undergo laser periodontal therapy, receive scaling and root planing treatments, and take antibiotics.

Our team of specialists here at The Office of Dr. Henry Espinosa understand how difficult it may be to receive such a diagnosis and how important it is that you be treated with the best of care. Dr. Henry Espinosa and his expert team are trained in the art of gum disease treatment. We can be reached by phone at 505-888-1116 or at our office in Albuquerque, New Mexico.